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ApiGatewayV1Api

The ApiGatewayV1Api construct is a higher level CDK construct that makes it easy to create an API Gateway REST API. It provides a simple way to define the routes in your API. And allows you to configure the specific Lambda functions if necessary. It also allows you to configure authorization and custom domains. See the examples for more details.

note

If you are creating a new API, use the Api construct instead.

The Api construct uses API Gateway V2. It's both faster and cheaper. However, if you need features like Usage Plans and API keys, use the ApiGatewayV1Api construct instead. You can check out a detailed comparison here.

Initializer

new ApiGatewayV1Api(scope: Construct, id: string, props: ApiGatewayV1ApiProps)

Parameters

Examples

The ApiGatewayV1Api construct is designed to make it easy to get started with, while allowing for a way to fully configure it as well. Let's look at how, through a couple of examples.

Using the minimal config

import { ApiGatewayV1Api } from "@serverless-stack/resources";

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
routes: {
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
"POST /notes": "src/create.main",
"GET /notes/{id}": "src/get.main",
"PUT /notes/{id}": "src/update.main",
"DELETE /notes/{id}": "src/delete.main",
},
});

Note that, the route key can have extra spaces in between, they are just ignored.

Adding routes

Add routes after the API has been created.

const api = new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
routes: {
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
"POST /notes": "src/create.main",
},
});

api.addRoutes(this, {
"GET /notes/{id}": "src/get.main",
"PUT /notes/{id}": "src/update.main",
"DELETE /notes/{id}": "src/delete.main",
});

Lazily adding routes

Create an empty Api construct and lazily add the routes.

const api = new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api");

api.addRoutes(this, {
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
"POST /notes": "src/create.main",
});

Adding catch-all route

Add routes after the API has been created.

const api = new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
routes: {
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
"ANY /{proxy+}": "src/catch.main",
},
});

Specifying function props for all the routes

You can extend the minimal config, to set some function props and have them apply to all the routes.

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
defaultFunctionProps: {
timeout: 20,
environment: { tableName: table.tableName },
},
routes: {
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
"POST /notes": "src/create.main",
},
});

Using the full config

If you wanted to configure each Lambda function separately, you can pass in the ApiGatewayV1ApiRouteProps.

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
routes: {
"GET /notes": {
function: {
srcPath: "src/",
handler: "list.main",
environment: { tableName: "NOTES_TABLE" },
},
},
},
});

Note that, you can set the defaultFunctionProps while using the function per route. The function will just override the defaultFunctionProps. Except for the environment, the layers, and the permissions properties, which will be merged.

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
defaultFunctionProps: {
timeout: 20,
environment: { tableName: "NOTES_TABLE" },
},
routes: {
"GET /notes": {
function: {
handler: "list.main",
timeout: 10,
environment: { bucketName: "NOTES_BUCKET" },
},
},
"POST /notes": "create.main",
},
});

So in the above example, the GET /notes function doesn't use the timeout that is set in the defaultFunctionProps. It'll instead use the one that is defined in the function definition (10 seconds). And the function will have both the tableName and the bucketName environment variables set.

Configuring Regional endpoint

Configure the internally created CDK RestApi instance.

import { EndpointType } from "@aws-cdk/aws-apigateway";

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
restApi: {
endpointConfiguration: {
types: [EndpointType.REGIONAL],
},
},
routes: {
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
},
});

Importing an existing Rest Api

Override the internally created CDK RestApi instance.

import { RestApi } from "@aws-cdk/aws-apigateway";

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
restApi: RestApi.fromRestApiAttributes(this, "MyRestApi", {
restApiId,
rootResourceId,
}),
importedPaths: {
"/notes": "slx2bn",
"/users": "uu8xs3",
},
routes: {
"GET /notes/{noteId}": "src/getNote.main",
"GET /users/{userId}": "src/getUser.main",
},
});

Configuring access log

Configuring the access log format

Use a CSV format instead of default JSON format.

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
accessLog:
"$context.identity.sourceIp,$context.requestTime,$context.httpMethod,$context.routeKey,$context.protocol,$context.status,$context.responseLength,$context.requestId",
routes: {
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
},
});

Configuring the log retention setting

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
accessLog: {
retention: "ONE_WEEK",
}
routes: {
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
},
});

Configuring CORS

Override the default behavior of allowing all methods, and only allow the GET method.

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
restApi: {
defaultCorsPreflightOptions: {
allowOrigins: ['"*"'],
},
},
routes: {
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
},
});

Configuring custom domains

You can also configure the API with a custom domain. SST currently supports domains that are configured using Route 53. If your domains are hosted elsewhere, you can follow this guide to migrate them to Route 53.

Using the basic config

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
customDomain: "api.domain.com",
routes: {
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
},
});

Using the full config

import { EndpointType } from "@aws-cdk/aws-apigateway";

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
customDomain: {
domainName: "api.domain.com",
hostedZone: "domain.com",
endpointType: EndpointType.EDGE,
path: "v1",
},
routes: {
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
},
});

Mapping multiple APIs to the same domain

const usersApi = new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "UsersApi", {
customDomain: {
domainName: "api.domain.com",
path: "users",
},
});

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "PostsApi", {
customDomain: {
domainName: usersApi.apiGatewayDomain,
path: "posts",
},
});

Importing an existing API Gateway custom domain

import { DomainName } from "@aws-cdk/aws-apigateway";

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
customDomain: {
domainName: DomainName.fromDomainNameAttributes(this, "MyDomain", {
domainName,
domainNameAliasHostedZoneId,
domainNameAliasTarget,
}),
path: "newPath",
},
routes: {
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
},
});

Importing an existing certificate

import { Certificate } from "@aws-cdk/aws-certificatemanager";

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
customDomain: {
domainName: "api.domain.com",
certificate: Certificate.fromCertificateArn(this, "MyCert", certArn),
},
routes: {
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
},
});

Loading domain name from SSM parameter

If you have the domain name stored in AWS SSM Parameter Store, you can reference the value as the domain name:

import { StringParameter } from "@aws-cdk/aws-ssm";

const rootDomain = StringParameter.valueForStringParameter(this, `/myApp/domain`);

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
customDomain: {
domainName: `api.${rootDomain}`,
hostedZone: rootDomain,
},
routes: {
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
},
});

Note that, normally SST will look for a hosted zone by stripping out the first part of the domainName. But this is not possible when the domainName is a reference. Since its value will be resolved at deploy time. So you'll need to specify the hostedZone explicitly.

Attaching permissions

You can attach a set of permissions to all or some of the routes.

For the entire API

Allow the entire API to access S3.

const api = new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
routes: {
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
"POST /notes": "src/create.main",
"GET /notes/{id}": "src/get.main",
"PUT /notes/{id}": "src/update.main",
"DELETE /notes/{id}": "src/delete.main",
},
});

api.attachPermissions(["s3"]);

For a specific route

Allow one of the routes to access S3.

const api = new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
routes: {
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
"POST /notes": "src/create.main",
"GET /notes/{id}": "src/get.main",
"PUT /notes/{id}": "src/update.main",
"DELETE /notes/{id}": "src/delete.main",
},
});

api.attachPermissionsToRoute("GET /notes", ["s3"]);

Adding auth

You can use IAM or JWT to add auth to your APIs.

Adding IAM authorization

You can secure your APIs (and other AWS resources) by setting the defaultAuthorizationType to IAM and using the sst.Auth construct.

import { AuthorizationType } from "@aws-cdk/aws-apigateway";

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
defaultAuthorizationType: AuthorizationType.IAM,
routes: {
"GET /notes": "list.main",
"POST /notes": "create.main",
},
});

Adding IAM authorization to a specific route

You can also secure specific routes in your APIs by setting the authorizationType to AWS_IAM and using the sst.Auth construct.

import { AuthorizationType } from "@aws-cdk/aws-apigateway";

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
routes: {
"GET /public": "src/public.main",
"GET /private": {
function: "src/private.main",
methodOptions: {
authorizationType: AuthorizationType.IAM,
},
},
},
});

Adding CUSTOM authorization

CUSTOM allows using a Lambda function to authorize users to access your API. Note that, this is a different authorization method when compared to using AWS_IAM and the sst.Auth construct, which allows you to secure other AWS resources as well.

import * as apigateway from "@aws-cdk/aws-apigateway";

const authorizer = new apigateway.RequestAuthorizer(this, "Authorizer", {
handler: new Function(this, "AuthorizerFunction", {
handler: "src/authorizer.main",
}),
identitySources: [apigateway.IdentitySource.header("Authorization")],
});

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
defaultAuthorizationType: apigateway.AuthorizationType.CUSTOM,
defaultAuthorizer: authorizer,
routes: {
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
},
});

Adding CUSTOM authorization to a specific route

You can also secure specific routes using CUSTOM by setting the authorizationType per route.

import * as apigateway from "@aws-cdk/aws-apigateway";

const authorizer = new apigateway.RequestAuthorizer(this, "Authorizer", {
handler: new Function(this, "AuthorizerFunction", {
handler: "src/authorizer.main",
}),
identitySources: [apigateway.IdentitySource.header("Authorization")],
});

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
routes: {
"GET /public": "src/public.main",
"GET /private": {
function: {
handler: "src/private.main",
methodOptions: {
authorizationType: apigateway.AuthorizationType.CUSTOM,
defaultAuthorizer: authorizer,
},
},
},
},
});

Using Cognito User Pool as the authorizer

You can also use Cognito User Pools as an authorizer.

import * as apigateway from "@aws-cdk/aws-apigateway";

const authorizer = new apigateway.CognitoUserPoolsAuthorizer(
this,
"Authorizer",
{
cognitoUserPools: [userPool],
}
);

new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
defaultAuthorizationType: apigateway.AuthorizationType.COGNITO,
defaultAuthorizer: authorizer,
defaultAuthorizationScopes: ["user.id", "user.email"],
routes: {
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
},
});

Getting the function for a route

const api = new ApiGatewayV1Api(this, "Api", {
routes: {
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
"POST /notes": "src/create.main",
"GET /notes/{id}": "src/get.main",
"PUT /notes/{id}": "src/update.main",
"DELETE /notes/{id}": "src/delete.main",
},
});

const listFunction = api.getFunction("GET /notes");

Properties

An instance of ApiGatewayV1Api contains the following properties.

url

Type: string

The URL of the Api.

routes

Type: string[]

The routes for the Api.

restApi

Type: cdk.aws-apigateway.RestApi

The internally created CDK RestApi instance.

accessLogGroup?

Type: cdk.aws-logs.LogGroup

If access logs are enabled, this is the internally created CDK LogGroup instance.

customDomainUrl?

Type: string

If custom domain is enabled, this is the custom domain URL of the Api.

apiGatewayDomain?

Type: cdk.aws-apigateway.DomainName

If custom domain is enabled, this is the internally created CDK DomainName instance.

acmCertificate?

Type: cdk.aws-certificatemanager.Certificate

If custom domain is enabled, this is the internally created CDK Certificate instance.

Methods

An instance of ApiGatewayV1Api contains the following methods.

getFunction

getFunction(routeKey: string): Function

Parameters

  • routeKey string

Returns

Get the instance of the internally created Function, for a given route key. Where the routeKey is the key used to define a route. For example, GET /notes.

addRoutes

addRoutes(scope: cdk.Construct, routes: { [key: string]: FunctionDefinition | ApiGatewayV1ApiRouteProps })

Parameters

  • scope cdk.Construct
  • routes { [key: string]: FunctionDefinition | ApiGatewayV1ApiRouteProps }

An associative array with the key being the route as a string and the value is either a FunctionDefinition or the ApiGatewayV1ApiRouteProps.

attachPermissions

attachPermissions(permissions: Permissions)

Parameters

Attaches the given list of permissions to all the routes. This allows the functions to access other AWS resources.

Internally calls Function.attachPermissions.

attachPermissionsToRoute

attachPermissionsToRoute(routeKey: string, permissions: Permissions)

Parameters

Attaches the given list of permissions to a specific route. This allows that function to access other AWS resources.

Internally calls Function.attachPermissions.

ApiGatewayV1ApiProps

routes?

Type : { [key: string]: FunctionDefinition | apigatewayv1apirouteprops }, defaults to {}

The routes for this API. Takes an associative array, with the key being the route as a string and the value is either a FunctionDefinition.

{
"GET /notes": "src/list.main",
"GET /notes/{id}": "src/get.main",
}

Or the ApiGatewayV1ApiRouteProps.

import * as apigateway from "@aws-cdk/aws-apigateway";

{
"GET /notes": {
function: {
handler: "src/list.main",
environment: {
TABLE_NAME: "notesTable",
},
},
methodOptions: {
authorizationType: apigateway.AuthorizationType.IAM,
},
},
}

cors?

Type : boolean, defaults to true

CORS support for all the endpoints in the API. Takes a boolean value. To fully customizize the CORS configuration, pass in a restApi with the defaultCorsPreflightOptions property.

By setting cors to true, SST also adds the CORS header to 4xx and 5xx gateway response.

accessLog?

Type : boolean | string | ApiGatewayV1ApiAcccessLogProps, defaults to true

CloudWatch access logs for the API. Takes a boolean value, a string with log format, or a ApiGatewayV1ApiAcccessLogProps.

customDomain?

Type : string | ApiGatewayV1ApiCustomDomainProps

The customDomain for this API. SST currently supports domains that are configured using Route 53. If your domains are hosted elsewhere, you can follow this guide to migrate them to Route 53.

Takes either the domain as a string.

"api.domain.com"

Or the ApiCustomDomainProps.

{
domainName: "api.domain.com",
hostedZone: "domain.com",
path: "v1",
}

Note that, SST automatically creates a Route 53 A record in the hosted zone to point the custom domain to the API Gateway domain.

restApi?

Type : cdk.aws-apigateway.RestApiProps | cdk.aws-apigateway.IRestApi

Pass in a cdk.aws-apigateway.RestApiProps value to override the default settings this construct uses to create the CDK RestApi internally.

Or, pass in an instance of the CDK cdk.aws-apigateway.IRestApi. SST will use the provided CDK RestApi instead of creating one internally.

importedPaths?

Type : { [path: string]: string }

If you are importing an existing API Gateway REST API project, you can import existing route paths by providing a list of paths with their corresponding resource ids.

{
"/notes": "slx2bn",
"/users": "uu8xs3",
}

API Gateway REST API is structured in a tree structure:

  • Each path part is a separate API Gateway resource object.
  • And a path part is a child resource of the preceding part.

So the part path /notes, is a child resource of the root resource /. And /notes/{noteId} is a child resource of /notes. If /notes has been created in the imported API, you have to import it before creating the /notes/{noteId} child route.

defaultFunctionProps?

Type : FunctionProps, defaults to {}

The default function props to be applied to all the Lambda functions in the API. If the function is specified for a route, these default values are overridden. Except for the environment, the layers, and the permissions properties, which will be merged.

defaultAuthorizationType?

Type : `cdk.aws-apigateway.AuthorizationType

The authorization type for all the endpoints in the API. Supports IAM, COGNITO, CUSTOM and NONE. Defaults to no authorization, NONE.

The IAM method together with the sst.Api construct uses the Cognito Identity Pool. This allows you to secure other AWS resources as well.

On the other hand, the COGNITO and CUSTOM methods are for securing APIs specifically.

If you are just starting out, we recommend using the IAM method.

defaultAuthorizer?

Type : `cdk.aws-apigateway.IAuthorizer

The authorizer for all the routes in the API.

defaultAuthorizationScopes?

Type : string[], defaults to []

An array of scopes to include in the authorization when using JWT as the defaultAuthorizationType. These will be merged with the scopes from the attached authorizer.

For example, ["user.id", "user.email"].

ApiGatewayV1ApiRouteProps

function

Type : FunctionDefinition

The function definition used to create the function for this route.

methodOptions?

Type : cdk.aws-apigateway.MethodOptions

The options to be applied to the HTTP method for a route.

integrationOptions?

Type : cdk.aws-apigateway.LambdaIntegrationOptions

The options to be applied to the Lambda integration for a route.

ApiGatewayV1ApiAccessLogProps

Takes the following props in addition to the cdk.aws-apigateway.CfnStage.AccessLogSettingProperty.

retention?

Type : string, defaults to TWO_YEARS

The following values are accepted: "ONE_DAY", "THREE_DAYS", "FIVE_DAYS", "ONE_WEEK", "TWO_WEEKS", "ONE_MONTH", "TWO_MONTHS", "THREE_MONTHS", "FOUR_MONTHS", "FIVE_MONTHS", "SIX_MONTHS", "ONE_YEAR", "THIRTEEN_MONTHS", "EIGHTEEN_MONTHS", "TWO_YEARS", "FIVE_YEARS", "TEN_YEARS", and "INFINITE".

ApiGatewayV1ApiCustomDomainProps

domainName

Type : string | cdk.aws-apigateway.IDomainName

The domain to be assigned to the API endpoint. Takes the custom domain as a string (ie. api.domain.com) or a cdk.aws-apigateway.IDomainName.

Currently supports domains that are configured using Route 53.

hostedZone?

Type : string | cdk.aws-route53.HostedZone, defaults to the base domain

The hosted zone in Route 53 that contains the domain. Takes the name of the hosted zone as a string or the hosted zone construct cdk.aws-route53.HostedZone. By default, SST will look for a hosted zone by stripping out the first part of the domainName that's passed in. So, if your domainName is api.domain.com. SST will default the hostedZone to domain.com.

Set this option if SST cannot find the hosted zone in Route 53.

certificate?

Type : cdk.aws-certificatemanager.Certificate, defaults to undefined

The certificate for the domain. By default, SST will create a certificate with the domain name from the domainName option.

Set this option if you have an existing certificate in AWS Certificate Manager you want to use.

path?

Type : string, defaults to undefined

The base mapping for the custom domain. For example, by setting the domainName to api.domain.com and path to v1, the custom domain URL for the API will become https://api.domain.com/v1. If the path is not set, the custom domain URL will be https://api.domain.com.

caution

You cannot change the path once it has been set.

Note, if the path was not defined initially, it cannot be defined later. If the path was initially defined, it cannot be later changed to undefined. Instead, you'd need to remove the customDomain option from the construct, deploy it. And then set it to the new path value.

endpointType?

Type : cdk.aws-apigateway.EndpointType, defaults to REGIONAL

The type of endpoint for this DomainName.

mtls?

Type : cdk.aws-apigateway.MTLSConfig, defaults to mTLS not configured

The mutual TLS authentication configuration for a custom domain name.

securityPolicy?

Type : cdk.aws-apigateway.SecurityPolicy, defaults to TLS_1_0

The Transport Layer Security (TLS) version + cipher suite for this domain name.